Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Testing
Intergranular corrosion (IGC), also known as intergranular attack (IGA), is a common local corrosion. Corrosion develops along the crystal grains boundary or its adjacent area of a metal or alloy, and the corrosion of the grain itself is very slight. This corrosion greatly weakens the bonding force between the crystal grains, and in severe cases, the mechanical strength can completely disappear. Stainless steel, nickel-based alloy, aluminum alloy and magnesium alloy are all materials with high sensitivity to intergranular corrosion. In the case of heating, the welding process will cause the problem of intergranular corrosion. Intergranular corrosion (IGC) is an effective test to screen the corrosion resistance of materials under certain conditions. T,C&A Lab's dedicated experts have professional corrosion testing capabilities to help you choose the most appropriate solution to evaluate the intergranular corrosion resistance of your materials and guide the thermomechanical and welding processes.
Our intergranular corrosion test methods include but are not limited to:
Copper - Copper Sulfate - Sulfuric Acid Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion caused by carbon and nitride precipitation in almost all types of stainless steel and some nickel-based alloys.
Nitric Acid Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion caused by carbide, σ phase precipitation or solute segregation in stainless steel, Ni-based alloy and so on.
Nitric Acid - Hydrofluoric Acid Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion of molybdenum-containing austenitic stainless steel caused by carbide precipitation.
Sulfuric Acid - Iron Sulfate Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion of Ni-based alloy and stainless steel caused by carbide precipitation.
Oxalic Acid Etching Test Method
It is mainly used as a screening test for testing the intercrystalline corrosion of austenitic stainless steel.
Hydrochloric Acid Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion of some high molybdenum nickel base alloys.
Sodium Chloride - Hydrogen Peroxide Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion of copper-containing alloys.
Sodium Chloride - Hydrochloric Acid Method
It is suitable for testing the intergranular corrosion of magnesium aluminum alloy.
Electrochemical Potentiokinetic Reactivation (EPR)
It is suitable for measuring the intergranular corrosion sensitivity of stainless steel clad plates and low chromium ferritic stainless steel
Standards we test to
|ASTM A262||Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels|
|ASTM A763||Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Ferritic Stainless Steels|
|ASTM G28||Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion in Wrought, Nickel-Rich, Chromium-Bearing Alloys|
|ASTM G67||Standard Test Method for Determining the Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion of 5XXX Series Aluminum Alloys by Mass Loss After Exposure to Nitric Acid (NAMLT Test)|
|ASTM G108||Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Reactivation (EPR) for Detecting Sensitization of AISI Type 304 and 304L Stainless Steels|
|ASTM G110||Evaluating Intergranular Corrosion Resistance of Heat Treatable Aluminum Alloys by Immersion in Sodium Chloride + Hydrogen Peroxide Solution|
|ASTM G123||Evaluating Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Stainless Alloys with Different Nickel Content in Boiling Acidified Sodium Chloride Solution|
|ISO/CD 4212||Method of Oxalic Acid Etching Test for Intergranular Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless Steel|
In addition, the experts in our Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Testing Laboratory also provide a variety of custom tests as you need. Let's discuss the customized service with our experts for free.
Instruments and data
- Sun; et al. Investigation of susceptibility to intergranular corrosion of tin-added austenitic stainless steel. Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters). 2015, 28(9), 1183-1189.
- Liu, G.; et al. The Intergranular Corrosion Susceptibility of Metastable Austenitic Cr–Mn–Ni–N–Cu High-Strength Stainless Steel under Various Heat Treatments. Materials. 2019, 12(9), 1385.
- Cheng; et al. Intergranular corrosion behavior and mechanism of the stabilized ultra-pure 430LX ferritic stainless steel. Journal of Materials Science & Technology. 2019, 35(8), 1787-1796.
T,C&A Lab's services include, but are not limited to
Note: the service is for research use only and not intended for any clinical use.
- Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES)
- X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Testing
- X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) Testing
- Infrared Spectroscopy Testing
- Ultraviolet Spectrum (UV) Testing
- Mass Spectrometry Testing
- Micro-Raman Spectroscopy Testing
- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Testing
- Elemental Analysis
- Structure Identification
- Flame Resistance Testing
- Electrical Properties Testing
- Optical Properties Testing
- Testing of Magnetic Materials
- Morphology & Size
- Material Properties
- Corrosion Inhibitor Testing
- Crevice Corrosion Testing
- Electrochemical Corrosion Testing
- Galvanic Corrosion Testing
- High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) Corrosion Testing
- Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing
- Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Testing
- Pitting Corrosion Testing
- Salt Spray Testing
- Sour Service Corrosion Testing
- Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) Testing
- Sulfide Stress Cracking (SSC) Testing
- Thermal Analysis
- Mechanical Testing
- Composite Testing
- Non-Destructive Testing
- Material Characterization
- Performance Testing
- Polymer Material Analysis
- Pharmaceutical Testing
- Chemical Analysis
- Case Depth Testing and Analysis
- Grain Size Analysis
- Particle Size Distribution Analysis and Testing
- Coating Thickness Testing
- Inclusion Rating
- Ferrite Testing
- Porosity Testing
- Grain Flow Testing and Analysis
- Weld Testing
- X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) Analysis
- Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Laboratory
- Restricted Substances Testing
- Reverse Engineering Service
- Industrial Problem Diagnosis
- Ingredient Analysis